Facts About India

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Facts about INDIA

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India officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.

GEOGRAPHY

Area :
Indian geography lies to the north of the equator between 6° 44′ and 35° 30′ north latitude and 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ east longitude. India’s coastline measures 7,517 kilometers (4,700 mi) in length; of this distance, 5,423 kilometers (3,400 mi) belong to peninsular India and 2,094 kilometers (1,300 mi) to the Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep island chains. According to the Indian naval hydrographic charts, the mainland coastline consists of the following: 43% sandy beaches; 11% rocky shores, including cliffs; and 46% mudflats or marshy shores. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

  • Climate :
    The Indian climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert, both of which drive the economically and culturally pivotal summer and winter monsoons, The Himalayas prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. The Thar Desert plays a crucial role in attracting the moisture-laden south-west summer monsoon winds that, between June and October, provide the majority of India’s rainfall. Four major climatic groupings predominate in India: tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and Montanez.

HISTORY

Ages :
7000-3000 BC- Stone Age
3000-1300 BC- Bronze Age
1700-26     BC- Iron Age
21- 1279   AD – Middle Kingdoms
1260- 1596 -Late Medieval Age
1526- 1858 -Early modern period
1505- 1961 -Colonial period

  • Culture :
    Indian cultural history spans more than 4,500 years. During the Vedic period (c. 1700 – 500 BCE), the foundations of Hindu philosophy, mythology, and literature were laid, and many beliefs and practices which still exist today, such as dharmakarmayoga, and mokṣa, were established. India is notable for its religious diversity, with Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity, and Jainism among the nation’s major religions. The predominant religion, Hinduism, has been shaped by various historical schools of thought, including those of the Upanishads, the Yoga Sutras, the Bhakti movement, and by Buddhist philosophy.

Much of Indian architecture, including the Taj Mahal, other works of Mughal architecture, and South Indian architecture, blends ancient local traditions with imported styles. Vernacular architecture is also highly regional in it flavors. Vastu shastra, literally “science of construction” or “architecture” and ascribed to Mamuni Mayan, explores how the laws of nature affect human dwellings; it employs precise geometry and directional alignments to reflect perceived cosmic constructs. As applied in Hindu temple architecture, it is influenced by the Shilpa Shastra, a series of foundational texts whose basic mythological form is theVastu-Purusha mandala, a square that embodied the “absolute”.  Traditional Indian dress varies in color and style across regions and depends on various factors, including climate and faith. Popular styles of dress include draped garments such as the sari for women and the dhoti or lungi for men. Stitched clothes, such as the shalwar kameez for women and kurtapyjama combinations or European-style trousers and shirts for men, are also popular. Use of delicate jewellery, modeled on real flowers worn in ancient India, is part of a tradition dating back some 5,000 years; gemstones are also worn in India as talismans.

CIVICS

  • Economy :
    Indian economy is nominally worth US$1.758 trillion; it is the eleventh-largest economy by market exchange rates, and is, at US$4.962 trillion, the third-largest by purchasing power parity, or PPP. With its average annual GDP growth rate of 5.8% over the past two decades, and reaching 6.1% during 2011–12, India is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. The country ranks 140th in the world in nominal GDP per capita and 129th in GDP per capita at PPP. Until 1991, all Indian governments followed protectionist policies that were influenced by socialist economics. Widespread state intervention and regulation largely walled the economy off from the outside world.  India’s recent economic model is largely capitalist. India has been a member of WTO since 1 January 1995.
  • Foreign relations

India has tense relations with neighboring Pakistan; the two nations have gone to war four times: in 1947, 1965, 1971, and 1999. Three of these wars were fought over the disputed territory of Kashmir, while the fourth, the 1971 war, followed from India’s support for the independence of Bangladesh. Aside from ongoing strategic relations with Russia, India has wide-ranging defense relations with Israel and France. In recent years, it has played key roles in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation and the World Trade Organization. India has close economic ties with South America, Asia, and Africa; it pursues a “Look East” policy that seeks to strengthen partnerships with the ASEAN nations, Japan, and Korea that revolve around many issues, but especially those involving economic investment and regional security.

VISA

Journalist visas are given to professional journalists and photographers for up to three months’ stay in India. Journalists, Editors/Writers of Television networks and Radio Stations traveling to India on work or vacation are required to apply along with a copy of their Media Accreditation Card and/or a document from their organization describing clearly the nature of their work and whether they are traveling on work or as tourists.
Visa for Documentary Film Making in India by Foreign Audio Visual Agencies

Obtaining visa for the purpose of documentary film making in India is a two stage process:

a) Applying for clearance of documentary film

Documentary film makers are required to obtain approval/clearance of the Government of India for filming a documentary in India, which may take 2 to 8 weeks’ time to come through. For obtaining clearance for a documentary film, the following documents are required to be submitted to the Embassy:

• The completed APPLICATION FOR FILMING DOCUMENTARIES IN INDIA (pdf document) and SIGNED UNDERTAKING FOR FILMING DOCUMENTARIES IN INDIA (pdf document)

•A detailed synopsis/treatment of the theme
•Details of locations and visits schedule
•Details of the producers and production company
•List of crew members and cinematic equipment (pdf document) to be carried by them, to obtain customs permit for temporary import of cinematic equipment to India for Filming

Please send all the above documents by email to the Embassy at Washington to Second Secretary (Press) at sspress[at]indiagov[dot]org. Applications from media persons/agencies based in other areas (other than those under jurisdiction of the Embassy in Washington, DC) may be submitted to the concerned Consulate. Please refer to Consular Jurisdiction.

b) Applying for visa for documentary

On receipt of clearance from India, Embassy will issue a ‘No Objection’ for the documentary. Documentary Visa application may then be submitted to COX & KINGS GLOBAL SERVICES PVT. LTD for journalist visa along with a copy of Embassy’s No Objection. Upon receipt of customs permit for import of filming equipment, Embassy will issue a ‘J’ (Journalist ) Visa to the crew members for travel to India. .

Documentary filming is not permissible on other types of visas (e.g. tourist/business visas). Those traveling to India, crew members as well as crew members, for shooting a Feature Film/Realty Show/Commercial TV Show, are advised to apply for a ‘B ’(Business) Visa and not a ‘J’ (Journalist) Visa.

Visas to Foreign Nationals Seeking to Work in Indian Media Organizations.

Journalists or intern journalists who intend to travel to India to work in Indian media organizations should apply for Employment ‘E’ visas.
E Visa applicants are required to submit the following documents along with the visa application:

•Request from the company
•A copy of contract with the company
•Registration details of the Indian company and
•An undertaking from the Indian employer (pdf document)

Citizens of the following countries do not need a visa to enter India:
•Bhutan
•Nepal

Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the center of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Emblem_of_India.svg
Flag Emblem
Motto: Satyameva Jayate (Sanskrit)“Truth Alone Triumphs”[1]
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana“Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people”[2][3]

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National song:Vande Mataram“I Bow to Thee, Mother”[a][1][3]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.

Area controlled by India shown in dark green;

claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.

Capital New Delhi28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E /
28.6133°N 77.2083°E / 28.6133; 77.2083
Largest city Mumbai
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National language None
Demonym Indian
Government Federal parliamentaryconstitutional republic[1]
 – President Pranab Mukherjee
 – Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
 – Prime Minister Narendra Modi (BJP)
 – Chief Justice H. L. Dattu[6]
 – Speaker of the House Sumitra Mahajan (BJP)
Legislature Parliament of India
 – Upper house Rajya Sabha
 – Lower house Lok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom
 – Dominion 15 August 1947
 – Republic 26 January 1950
Area
 – Total 3,287,590[7] km2[b] (7th)1,269,346 sq mi
 – Water (%) 9.6
Population
 – 2011 census 1,210,193,422[8] (2nd)
 – Density 381.7/km2 (31st)988.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 – Total $7.277 trillion[9] (3rd)
 – Per capita $5,777[9] (125th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 – Total $2.048 trillion[9] (10th)
 – Per capita $1,626[9] (145th)
Gini (2010) 33.9[10]medium · 79th
HDI (2013) Steady 0.586[11]medium · 135th
Currency Indian rupee (INR) (INR)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
 – Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+05:30)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Drives on the left
Calling code +91
ISO 3166 code IN
Internet TLD .in

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